terjemahan

Kamus Linguistik – Daftar Istilah Terkait Linguistik

Bagikan ke Jejaring Sosial Favoritmu

Kamus atau daftar istilah linguistik merupakan sumber daya yang sangat berguna bagi siapa saja yang tertarik untuk mempelajari bahasa atau mengerjakan materi terkait bahasa. Daftar beriktu berisi kata-kata dan frasa yang umum digunakan dalam penelitian dan analisis linguistik, serta definisi dan penjelasan dari istilah-istilah tersebut. Daftar istilah linguistik dapat membantu mahasiswa, peneliti, dan profesional yang perlu memahami terminologi yang digunakan dalam linguistik, maupun individu yang ingin mempelajari lebih banyak tentang bahasa dan komponen-komponennya. Jika Anda sedang mempelajari fonetik, sintaksis, semantik, atau bidang lain dalam linguistik, daftar istilah linguistik berikut diharapkan dapat membantu Anda agar lebih memahami serta menjelajahi dunia bahasa yang kompleks dan menarik.

Bahasa Inggris

Bahasa Indonesia

abbreviation, law of LIHAT ZIPF’s LAW
abbreviation singkatan; penyingkatan
aberrant menyimpang
abessive abesif
ablative ablatif
ablative absolute ablatif absolut
ablaut ablaut
abrupt; interrupted selaan
absolute construction konstruksi
absolute phrase konstruksi absolut
absorption absorpsi
abstract noun nomina abstrak; kata benda abstrak
abstraction abstraksi
abusive language bahasa kesat
accent 1. aksen, 2. tanda diakritis,
accentology aksentologi
accentual system sistem tekanan
accentual unit satuan tekanan
accentuation penekanan
acceptability keterterimaan
acceptable terterima; akseptabel
accidence infleksi; tasrif
accommodation akomodasi; penyesuaian
accountability keterperian
acculturation akulturasi
accusative akusatif
acoustic features ciri akustik
acoustic formant forman akustik
acoustic phonetics fonetik akustik
acoustics akustika
acquisition pemerolehan; perolehan
acrology akrotogi
acronym akronim
acrophone akrofon
action perbuatan
action noun nomina perbuatar.
active aktif
active articulator artikulator aktif
active cavity rongga aktif
active voice diatesis aktif
actor pelaku
actualization aktualisasi
acute tirus
acute accent tanda aksen tirus
adam’s apple lekum
adaptation theory teori adaptasi
additive clause klausa aditif
address system sistem sapaan
addressee kawan sapa
addresser penyapa
adessive adesif
adjectival adyektival
adjectival clause klausa adyektival
adjective adyektif; kata sifat
adjective group kelompok adyektival
adjective predicate LIHAT PREDICATE ADHECTIVE
adjectivisation adyektivisasis
adjunct keterangan
adnominal atribut; adnominal
adoptive form bentuk adoptif
adstratum adstratum
advanced lanjut
adverb adverbia
adverbial adverbial
adverbial clause klausa adverbial
adverbial conjunction adverbial
adverbialisation adverbialisasi
adversative clause klausa adversatif
adversative conjunction konyungsi
adversative conjunction konyungsi adversatif
affective 1. afektif, 2. emotif
affiliation afiliasi (klasifikasi genealogis)
affinity afinitas (klasiffasi tipolo2is)
affix afiks; imbuhan
affix index indeks afiks
affixation afiksasi
affixing index indeks afiksasi
affixing language bahasa berafiks;
affricate afrikat
African linguistics linguistik Afrika.
Afro-Asiatic linguistics linguistik
agent agens
agglomerating language bahasa aglomeratif
agglutination aglutinasi
agglutinative index indeks aglutinatif
agglutinative language bahasa aglutinatif
aggregative compound komposi
agogics of speech agogika ujaran
agrammatism agramatisme
agraphia agrafia
agreement kongruensi; kesesuaian
air chamber ruang udara
air stream arus udara )
air stream mechanism mekanisme
akueme akuem
alalia alalia
alexia aleksia
algebraic linguists linguistik aljabar
algorithm algoritme
alienism alienisme
allegro form bentuk alegro
alliteration aliterasi
allo- alo
allochrone alokron
allograph alograf
allokine alokin
allolog alolog
allomorph alomorf
allomorphic variant varian alomorfis ’
allonym alonim
allophone alofon
allophonic change perubahan alofonis
allophonic realisation realisasi alofonis
allophonic variant varian alofonis
allotagma alotagma
alphabet abjad;alfabet
alphabetic writing aksara alfabetis
alphabetization kemampuan meng
alphabetography alfabetografi
alphabetology alfabetologi
alternant alternan; varian’
alternation alternasi
alternative form varianyalternan
alveolar alveolar
alveolar ridge alveolum
alveolum alveolum
amalgam amalgam
ambifix LIHAT CONFIX
ambiguity ambiguitas; ketaksaan,
ambiguous aneka makna; dwimakna; taksa; ambigu
ambilingual ambilingual
ambisyllabic consonant konscnan
ambisyllabic consonant konscnan ambisilabis
ambivalent word kata ambivalen;
ambivalent word kata ambivalen; kata bertimbal
amelioration ameliorasi
ameliorative suffix sufik amelioratif; akhiran amelioratif
American linguistics linguistik
Amerindian linguistics linguistik
Amerindian linguistics linguistik Amerindian
amplitude amplitude
anachronism anakronisme
anacoluthon anakoluton
anagram anagram
compound personal pronoun pronominal persona gabungan
analogical change perubahan analogis
analogism analogisme
analogue analog
analogy analogi
analphabetic notation notasi anal- fabetis
analysis analisis
analysis) analisis IC
analytic language bahasa analitis
anantopodoton LIHAT ANACOLUTHON
anapaest anapes
anaphora anafora
anaphoric reference LIHAT ANAPHORA .
anaphoric substitute silihan anforis
anaphoric word LIHAT ANAPHORIC SUBSTITUTE
anaptyctic vowel vokal anaptiktis;
anaptyctic vowel vokal anaptiktis; swarabak ti
anaptyxis anaptiksis
anarthria anartria
ancestor language bahasa moyang.
animal cry theory terori bunyi binatang
animate bernyawa
annomination anominasi
anomalism anomalisme
anomalous tak wajar
anomaly ketakwajaran; anomali
anomia anomia
antecedent anteseden
anterior anterior
anthropological languistes linguistik antropologi
anthropophonics antropofonika
anticipation antisipasi
anticipatory assimilation asiimilasi
anticipatory dissimilation disimilasi regresif
anti-mentalism antimentalisme
antonomasia antonomasia
antonym antonim
antonymy antonimi; hubungan antonim
aorist aoristus
aperture taraf buka
apex apeks
aphaeresis aferesis
aphasia afasia
apheresis aferesis
aphrasia afrasia
apical articulation artikulasi apikal
apico-alveolar apikoalveolar
apico-dental apikodental
apocopation apocope
apocope apokope
apodosis apodosis
apophony apofoni
aposiopesis aposiopesis
apostrophe apostrofe
appellation penamaan; apelasi
appellative function fungsi apelatif
appellative name nama apelatif
application aplikasi (semantik)
applied linguistics linguistik terapan
apposition aposisi
appositive clause klausa apositif
approximant malaran tak bergeser
Arabic script aksara Arab
arbitrariness keserampangan
arbitrary serampangan
archaism arkaisme
archiphone arkifon
archiphoneme arkifonem
area wilayah; area
area studies studi wilayah
areal classification klasifikasi wilayah; klasifikasi areal
areal group gugus bahasa; tipe areal
areal linguistics linguistik areal
areal type gugus bahasa; tipe areal
argument argumen
arrangement model model penata
article artikel; kata sandang
articulacy kefasihan
articulation artikulasi
articulator artikulator
articulatory parameter parameter
articulatory phonetics fonetik artikulasi
articulatory setting penyesuaian alat
articulatory system sistem artikulator
articulatory variable parameter artikulasi .
artificial language bahasa buatan
artificial script aksara buatan
artificial speech ujaran buatan
ascending diphthong diftong naik
aspect aspek
aspirate aspirat
aspirated stop bunyi hambat beraspirasi
aspiration aspirasi
assertive seruan
assibilant asbilan
assibilate asbilan
assibilation asibilasi
assign 1. mengasosiasikan, 2. menetapkan
assimilation asimilasi
association group perangkat paradigmatis
associative etymology jarwa dosok;
associative field ASSOCIATION GROUP
associative relations hubungan paradigmatis
assonance asonansi
asterisk asterisk
asterisk form 1. bentuk nongrama
asymmetric consonant konsonan
asymmetric consonant konsonan lateral
asyndenton asindenton
asyndetic construction asindenton
asyntactic compound kompesitum
atavism arkaisme; unsur usang
athematic atematis
athematic inflection infeksi atematis
atlantic linguistics linguistik Eropa-Amerika
atlas atlas bahasa
atonic lemah
attested form bentuk nyata
attraction pengaruh bunyi
attribute atribut
attribute adjective adyektil atributif
attributive endocentric construction konstruksi endosentris atributif
audible area daerah pendengaran
audio acuity kepekaan mendengar
audiogram audiogram
audiometer audiometer
audiometry audiometri
auditory area pusat saral pende
auditory centre pusat saral pendengaran
auditory discrimination kemampuan mendengar
auditory feedback umpan balik
auditory language bahasa pendengaran.
auditory masking pengaburan pen
auditory phonetics fonetik auditoris; fonetik pendengaran
augmentative augmentatif
aural discrimination kemampuan
aural-oral approach pendekatan dengar-ucap
Austronesian linguistics linguistik
automatic translation penterjemahan mesin .
automatic variant varian bersyarat
autonomous sound change perubahan bunyi otonom
autonomous word kata penuh
auxiliary language 1. bahasa buatan, 2. bahasa perantara
auxiliary mark tanda diakritis
auxiliary sign tanda diakritis
auxiliary verb verba bantu
availability ketersediaan
axis sumbu
babbling mengoceh,  meraban
baby-talk tutur bayi
back vowel vokal belakang
back-formation derivasi balik
back-reference 1. anafora, 2. rujuk balik
balance simetri,  keseimbangan
barbarism barbarisme
base dasar
base component komponen dasar
base form bentuk dasar
basic alternant varian dasar
basic sentence kalimat dasar
basic vocabularay perbendaharaan
basis of articulation landasan artikulasi
behaviourism behaviorisme
benefactive benefaktif
bias word kata prasangkaan
bilabial bilabial
bilabiodental bilabiodental
bilateral consonant konsonan bilateral
bilingual bilingual; dwibahasa
bilingualism bilingualisme, kedwibahasaan
binarity kebineran,
binary biner
bio-linguistik biolinguistik
bisemy bisemi
biuniqueness kedwiunikan
blade daun lidah
blend paduan ~
blending penaduan; perpaduan
blocked syllable suku tertutup
blocked vowel vokal tertutup
Bloomfieldianism Bloomfieldianisme
bluebeard compound kompositum
body language LIHAT KINESICS
body semantics LIHAT KINESICS
bone conduction umpan balik pendengaran
book word kata pustaka
border mark ciri pemisab.
borrowed elements unsur pinjaman
borrowing peminjaman; pinjaman
bound accent tekanan tetap
bound form bentuk terikat
bound morpheme morfem terikat
bound sentence kalimat terikat’
boundary marker ciri pemisah
boundary signal ciri pemisah
boustrophedon bustrofedon
brachylogy brakilogi
bracketing pemenggalan
branch cabang
branching pencabangan
branching programme rancangan
breath group gugus napas
breath state pernapasan normal
breath stream aliran udara
breathed segment segmen napasan
breathing tanda diakritis aspirasi
breve tanda diakritis lemah
bright vowel vokal depan
broad transcription transkripsi kasar
broad vowel vokal belakang
Broca’s area pusat Broca
buccal oral
buccal cavity rongga mulut
bundlé of isoglosses berkas isoglos
cacography kakografi
cacology kakologi
cacophony kakofoni
cacuminal retrofleks
cadence kadensa
calligraphy kaligrafi
calque pinjam-terjemah
canonic form bentuk kanonis; bentuk dasar
capacity kemampuan
cardinal number bilangan pokok;
cardinal vowel vokal kardinal
cartesian linguistics linguistik Descartes
case kasus
casual speech ragam santai
catachresis kataresis
catch hamzah
categorial component komponen
categorial grammar gramatika kategorial
categorisation kategorisasi
category Kategori
category symbol lambang kategori
catenation ligatur
catenative verb kopula
causal clause klausa kausal
causal conjunction konyugasi kausal
causative kausatif
causative verb verba kausatif
cavity rongga
Celtic linguistics linguistik Keltika
cenematics kenematika
ceneme kenem
cenetics kenetika
central vowel vokal tengah
centralisation sentralisasi
centre 1. kata utama, 2. inti suku.
centre of Broca pusat Broci
centre of Wernicke pusat Wernicke
centring diftong tengah
centum language bahasa kentum
cerebral retroflcks
change perubahan
channel saluran
character logograf
characterology of speech gaya piibadi
chart bagan, peta; gambar
check ed vowel vokal tertutup
checked tertahan
checked syllable suku tertutup
chest pulse denyut dada
child language bahasa kanak-kanak
Chinese linguistics linguistik Sinika
Chinese script aksara Sinika
chrone kron
chroneme kronem
chronicle kronik
circumfix konfiks
citation kutipan
citation slip kutipan harfiah
class cleavage hiperklas
class dialect dialck sosial
classical language bahasa klasik
classifactory language LIHAT AGGLUTINATIVE LANGUAGE
classification klasifikasi
classifier 1. determinan, 2. klasifikator; penjodoh
clause klausa
clause equivalent berfungsi klausa
clause marker penanda klausa
clause pattern pola klausa
clear “1” “1” alveolar
cliche klise
click ceklik
cline gradasi
clinical linguistics linguistik medis
clipping pemotongan
-clities klitik )
close apposition aposisi rapat
close approximant frikatif
close vowel vokal sempit
closed class-word partikel
closed list sistem tertutup
closed set sistem tertutup
closed syllable suku kata tertutup
closed system sistem tertutup
closed vowel vokal tertutup
closing diphthong diftong tengah
closure hambatan
cluster gugus
coalescence peleburan
coalescent assimilation asimilasi resiprokal
co-articulation koartikulasi
coda koda
code kode
code switching alih kode
cognate (word) kata seasal
cognate language bahasa seasal
cognitive function fungsi kognitif
cognitive meaning makna kognitif
cognitive reality realitas kognitif.
coherence pertalian
cohesion keutuhan
context-free grammar gramatika bebas konteks
coinage penciptaan kata
coined word kata ciptaan
collation pembenahan data
collective noun nomina kolektif
colligation koligasi
collocation kolokasi
colloquial speech ragam cakap
colloquialism ragam tak resmi
colouring tamber
combinative. sound change perubahan bunyi kombinatif
combinatorial semantics semantik
combinatory sound change peru
combinatory sound change peru bahan bunyi kombinatif
combinatory variant 1 varian alofonis
combinatory variant’ varian alomorfis
command perintah
comment sebutan;
common aspect aspek netral
common case kasus umum
common core inti persamaan,
common gender genus bebas
common language bahasa umum
common mood modus deklaratif
common noun nama jenis; nomina
common speech bahasa umum; bahasa bersama
common voice diatesis aktif
communication komunikasi
communication engineering teknologi komunikasi
communication technology teknologi komunikasi .
communicative function fungsi komunikatif
commutation komutasi.
compact pukal
comparative method metode komparatif
comparative degree tingkat lebih
comparative grammar gramatika komparatif
comparative linguistics linguistik
comparative linguistics linguistik komparatif
comparative philology LIHAT COMPARATIVE LINGUISTICS
comparativism karya pelopor linguistik komparatif
comparison of languages perbandingan bahasa
complement komplemen; pelengkap
complementary saling melengkapi
complementary distribution distribusi komplementer
complete verb 1. verba intransitif,
complex nucleus inti kompleks
complex peak inti kompleks
complex sentence kalimat bersusun )
complex word kata berimbuhan
component komponen
componential analysis 1. analisis komponen makna
composite paduan komposit
composite verb verba komposit
composition 1. pemajemukan;
compound kompositum; kata majemuk
compound grapheme digraf
compound nominal kompositum
compound noun nomina majemuk
compound noun nomina majemuk perban
compound personal pronoun pronomina persona gabungan
compound phoneme fonem gabungan
compound predicate predikat gabungan
compound sentence kalimat majemuk
compound subject subyek gabungan
compound word kata majemuk;
comprehension pemahaman
computational linguistics linguistik
concatenation perangkaian
concept konsep
conceptualism konseptualisme
concessive konsesif
concord kongruensi; kesesuaian
concordance konkordans
concrete noun nomina konkret
conditional kondisional
conditional sound change perubahan bunyi kombinatif
conditional tense kala kondisional
conditional variant 1 varian alomorfis
conditional variant 2 varian alofornis
confirmational interrogative pertanyaan pengukuh
confirmatory clause klausa pengukuh
confix konfiks
congruence kongruensi; kesesuaian
conjoining rapatan
conjugation konyugasi; tasrif
conjunction konyungsi; kata hubung
conjunctive adverb adverbia konyugatif
connective LIHAT CONJUNCTION
connective construction LIHAT EXOCENTRIC CONSTRUCTION
connector 1. adverbia konyugatif,
connotation konotasi
connotative meaning makna konotatif
consecutive transcription transkripsi berurutan
consequence clause klausa akibat
consonance sanjak
consonant konsonan
consonant cluster gugus konsonan
consonantal konsonantal
constituent konstituen
constituent sentence kalimat konstituen
constituent structure grammar gramatika struktur frase
constricted berhamzah
constructed language LIHAT ARTIFICIAL
construction konstruksi
contact kontak
contact vernacular LIHAT PIDGIN
contamination kontaminasi
content isi
content word kata penuh
context konteks
context of situation konteks situasi
context-restricted grammar gramatika peka konteks
contextual – meaning makna konteks
contextual – meaning makna konteks trans
contextual analysis analisis kontekstual
contextual variant 1 varian alomorfis
contextual variant 2 varian alofonis
contiguous assimilation asimilasi dekat
contiguous dissimilation disimilasi dekat
continuant malaran
continuous aspect aspek duratif
continuum kontinuum; gradasi
contoid kontoid
contour kontur
contraction kontraksi
contrast kontras
contrastive kontrastif
contrastive analysis analisis kontrastif
contrastive substitution substitusi kontrastif
convention konvensi
conventionalism LIHAT NOMINALISM.
convergence 1. konvergensi, 2. dedialektalisasi
convergence area wilayah peralihan
conversation percakapan
converse (terms) kosokbali
conversion transmutasi
co-occurence LIHAT COLLIGATION
co-ordinate clause klausa ‘koordinat; klausa setara
co-ordinate construction konstruksi koordinatif
co-ordinate endocentric construction konstruksi endosentris setara
co-ordinating conjunction konjugasi koordinatif
co-ordination koordinasi
co-ordinative construction konstruksi koordinatif
Copenhagen school aliran Kopenhagen; aliran Glosematik
copula kopula
copulative compound kata majemuk kopulatif
coronal koronal
corpus korpus
correctness betul salah
correlation korelasi
correlative konyungsi korelatif
correspondence kesepadanan
crasis krasis
creativity kreativitas
creole kreol
cross-reference rujuk silang
cryptogram kriptogram
cryptography kriptografi
culture and language LIHAT ANTHROPO
cultured speech ragam terpelajar
cumul LIHAT FUSION
cuneiform script aksara paku’
cursive writing tulisan kursif
cybernetics kKibernetikan
cycle siklus
cyrillic alphabet abjad Kiril
dactyl daktilus
damping peredaman
dangling modifier modifikator timpang
dark 1’ 1” velar
dark vowel LIHAT BACK vowrL
Darmesteter’s hukum Darmesteter
dative datif
daughter language bahasa turunan
dead language bahasa mati
decision prosedure prosedur penentuan
declarative mood modus deklaratif
declension deklinasi
decode mengawakodekan
de-dialectalisation konvergensi
deep structure struktur – batin;
deep structure struktur – batin; struktur dalam
de-etymalogisation deetimologisasi
defective verb verba defektif
definite article artikel tentu
definite declension deklinasi lemah®
definite determiner determinator
definition definisi
deflexion;deflection defleksi.
degeneration LIHAT PEJORATION
degree tingkat perbandingan
deicti¢ word kata deiktis
deictic function LIHAT DEIXIS
deixis deiksis
delabialisation delabialisasi
deletion pelesapan
deletion transformation transformasi lesapan
deliberate speech ragam resmi
delicacy kedalaman analisis
delimitation LIHAT BOUNDARY MARKER
demarcation sempadan
demarcative function fungsi demarkatif
demonstrative demonstratif
demonstrative adjective adyektif
demonstrative pronoun pronomina
demonstrative pronoun pronomina transfor
Demotic Greek Yunani Demotik
Demotic script aksara Demotik
denasalisation denasalisasi
denotation denotasi
denotative meaning makna denotatif
density of communication kerapatan komunikasi
dental dental
dep vowel LIHAT BACK VOWEL
depalatalisation depalatalisasi
dependency dependensi
dependency grammar gramatika
dependent clause klausa terikat
dependent sound change LIHAT com’
deponent verb verba deponen
deponent verb verba deponen derivation! derivasi
derivational affix afiks derivatif
derivative derivat
derived form derivat; bentuk turunan
derived primary word kata turunan
derived secondary word kata turunan sekonder
derived sentence kalimat turunan
descendant language bahasa turunan
descending diphthong diftong turun
description deskripsi
descriptive adequacy kepadaan
descriptive grammar gramatika deskriptif
descriptive linguistics linguistik deskriptif
desiderative verb verba desideratif
designation LIHAT DENOTATION
deterioration LIHAT PEJORATION
deteriorative suffix LIHAT PEJORATIVE
deteriorative suffix LIHAT PEJORATIVE SUFFIX
distributional analysis analisis distribusi
determinant determinan
determinative compound kompositum determinatif
determinative pronoun pronomina
determinatum determinatum
determiner determinator
developmental linguistics linguistik
developmental linguistics linguistik perkembangan
deviance penyimpangan
deviant menyimpang
devoicing pengawasuaraan.
diachronic linguistics linguistik diakronis
diachronic phonology fonologi diakronis
diacritic mark tanda diakritik
diagraph diagraf
dialect dialek
dialect area wilayah dialek
dialect atlas atlas dialek
dialect borrowing peminjaman dialek
dialect boundary batas dialek
dialect geography dialektologi geografis
dialectalisation dialektalisasi
dialectology dialektologi
dialinguistics dialinguistik
dialogue dialog
diaphone diafon
dia-system diasistem
diatopic diatopik .
diction diksi
dictionary kamus
dieresis LIHAT TREMA
differential analysis analisis kontrastif
diffuse longgar
diffusion difusi
diglossia diglosia
digraph digraf
dilation LIHAT DISTANT ASSIMILA
diminutive diminutif
diminutive suffix sufiks diminutif
diphthong diftong
diphthongisation diftongisasi
direct case kasus nominatif
direct discourse wacana langsung
direct method metode langsung
direct object obyek langsung
direct question tanya langsung
direct speech LIHAT DIRECT DISCOURSE
directive construction konstruksi
disambiguation disambiguasi; pengawataksaan
discontinuity keterbagian
discontinuous morpheme morfem
discourse wacana )
discourse analysis analisis wacana
discovery procedure prosedur penemuan
disjunction disyungsi
disjunctive disyungtif
disjunctive pronoun pronomina
dissimilation disimilasi
dissonance disonansi
distant assimilation asimilasi jauh’
distinctive distingtif
distinctive feature ciri distingtif*
distinguisher pembeda
distribution distribusi
distributional analysis analisis distribusi
distributional numeral kata bilangan kelompok
disyllabic dwisuku
divergence dialektalisasi
domain medan makna
domination pelingkupan
dorsal dorsal
dorso-alveolar dorsovelar
dorso-palatal dorsopalatal
dorso-uvular dorsouvular
dorso-velar dorsovelar
dorsum dorsum
double articulation artikulasi gan
double vowel vokal ganda
doublet bentuk kembar
doubling LIHAT AMALGAM
downgrading LIHAT SUBORDINATION
drill latihan runtun
dual dualis
dualist theory of meaning dualisme
dummy sulih
duration rentang waktu
durative aspect aspek duratif
dvanda compound kompositum
dynamic accent tekanan dinamis
dysarthria disartria
dyslalia dislalia
dyslexia disleksia
dysphasia disfasia
dysphonia disfonia
echo question pertanyaan ulang
echo question pertanyaan ulang balik
echo word onomatope
ecology of language ekologi bahasa
economy kehematan
editing penataan
egressive egresif
ejective ejektif
electromyography elektromiografi
element elemen unsur
elevation ameliorasi
elicitation pemuntiran data; pencuplikan data
elision pengurangan; elisi; penghifangan bunyi
ellipsis elips
elocution wicara
embedded clause klausa sematan
embedding penyematan
emic emik
emotive emotif
emphasis penegasan; tegasan
emphatic pronoun pronomina penegas
emphatic word kata penegas
empiricism empirisme
empiricists empirisis
enclisis LIHAT LIGATURE
enclitic enklitik
encode mengkodekan
ending sufiks
endocentric construction konstruksi endosentris
endophasia endofasia
engram engram
environment lingkungan
environmental conditioning pengaruh lingkungan
epanalepsis epanalepsis
epenthesis epentesis
epicene genus bebas
epiglottis epiglotis
epigraphy epigrafi
epiphora epifora
epistemology epistemologi
eponym eponim
equational sentence kalimat ekuatif
equational word LIHAT COPULA,
equivalent ekuivalen
ergative ergatif
erroranalysis analisis kesilapan
esophageal cavity esofagus
ethnographic linguistic linguistik etnografi
ethno-linguistics etnolinguistik
etic etik
etymological cognate LIHAT COGNATE
etymological doublet kata kembar
etymology etimologi
etymon etimon
euphemism éufemisme
euphony eufoni
evaluation procedure prosedur penilaian
evocatery LIHAT CONNOTATION
exception kekecualian
exclamation seruan
exclamation mark tanda seru
exclamative kata seru
exclamatory clause klausa seru
exclamatory pitch nada seru
exclusive personal pronoun pronomina persona eksklusif
-excrecent LIHAT EPENTHETIC
exhalation pengembusan udara
existential sentence kalimat eksistensial
exocentric construction konstruksi
exolinguistics LIHAT ANTHROPOLICAL
exophasia eksofasia
expanded verb form bentuk verba
expansion 1. difusi, 2. perluasan
expansion rule kaidah perluasan
experimental phonetics fonetik
expiration penghembusan napas
expiratory accent tekanan dinamis
explanatory adequacy kepadaan
expletive pengisi
explosive letupan
exponence LIHAT MANIFESTATION;
exposition pemaparan, paparan
expression ungkapan pengungkap
expressive function fungsi ekspre
expressive function fungsi ekspre sif
extended meaning makna luasan
extension ekstensi
extensional meaning makna terapan
external meaning LIHAT LEXICAL
extinct language bahasa mati
extralingual features ciri luar bahasa
fact mood LIHAT DECLARATIVE MOOD
factive verb verba faktif
facultative variant LIHAT FREE VARIANT
fadical language LIHAT ISOLATING
fading penurunan nada
falling diphthong diftong turun
false cognate kata seasal semu.
familiar form bentuk intim
family of languages keluarga bahasq
family term istilah kekerabatan
family tree silsilah
faucalisation penyempitan faring
favourite sentence kalimat lengkap
feature ciri
feconstruction rekonstruksi
feedback umpan balik
feminine betina
field 1. bidang wacana, 2. medan
field of discourse bidang wacana
field study penelitian lapangan!
field theory teori medan makna
field-work penelitian lapangan
figurative language kiasan
figure of rhetoric LIHAT FIGURATIVE
figure of spech LIHAT FIGURATIVE
figure of spech LIHAT FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
filler class pengisi gatra
final glide luncuran akhir
finite verb verba finit
finite-state grammar gramatika terbatas
Finno-Ugrian linguistics linguistik
first articulation manifestasi pertama (Martinet)l
first language bahasa pertama
first person persona pertama
first sound shift pergeseran bunyi
first-order language LIHAT OBJECT
Firthian linguistics linguistik aliran
Firthian linguistics linguistik aliran Firth
fixation LIHAT FOSSILISED FORM
fixed word order Urutan kata tetap
flap bunyi sentuhan
flat} sempit!
flection fleksi .
flexion fleksi
flexional ending sufiks flektif
flexional language bahasa flektif
fluency kefasihan
focal area wilayah pusat
focus 1. fokus, 2. ujud (teori Gestalt) }
folk etymology jarwa dosok
foot pada
foreign language bahasa asing
foreignism unsur asing
form bentuk
form class kelas kategorial
form word LIHAT PARTICLE
formal formal
formal grammar gramatika formal
formal speech ragam resmi
formal universal semestaan bahasa
formalisation formalisasi
formant forman
formative morfem terikat formatif
formulae rumus
fortis fortis
fossilised form bentuk fosil
Fourier analysis analisis Fourier
frame rangka substitusi
free alternant varian bebas
free form bentuk bebas
free morpheme morfem bebas
free sentence kalimat bebas
free syllable suku kata terbuka
free translation terjemahan bebas
free variant varian bebas
free variation variasi bebas
free word order urutan kata bebas
frequency frekuensi
frequency analysis  
frequency count perhitungan fre
frequency count perhitungan fre analisis fre
frequentative aspect LIHAT ITERATIVE
frequentative aspect LIHAT ITERATIVE ASPFCT
frequentative aspect gingival  
frequentative verb verba frekuentatif
fricative frikatif
friction geseran
frictionless continuant malaran tak
front mutation umlaut depan
front vowel vokal depan
fronting pengedepanan
frozen speech ragam amat resmi
full sentence kalimat lengkap
full stop titik
full verb verba utama
full word kata penuh
function fungsi
function word partikel
functional fungsional; distingtif
functional analysis analisis fungsio
functional change LIHAT TRANSMUTA
functional change LIHAT TRANSMUTA TION
functional linguistics fungsional
functional linguistics  
functional load beban tugas
functional meaning makna fungsional
functional yield beban tugas
functor fungtor
fundamental frequency frekuensi
fused compound LIHAT PRIMARY COMPOUND
fusing language bahasa flektif
fusion paduan
fusional language bahasa flektif
future perfect tense kala perfektum futur
future tense kala mendatang
geminate pemanjangan fonem
gender genus; jenis
genealogical classification klasifikasi genealogis
general grammar gramatika universal
general linguistics linguistik umum
general semantics semantik umum
general semantics semantik universal
generalised transformation transformasi serempak
generate membangkitkan
generation pembangkitan
generative grammar tata bahasa generatif
generative phonology fonologi generatif
generic term kata generik
genetic classification klasifikasi genealogis
genetic relationship kekerabatan
genetive genitif
Geneva school aliran Jenewa
geographical classification Kklasifikasi areal
geographical dialect dialek regional
geographical linguistics linguistik
germanic linguistics linguistik Germania
germanic sound shift pergeseran
gerund gerund
gerundial clause frase absoluf
gerundive gerundif
gesture isyarat
gingival LIHAT ALVEOLAL.
gingival kuensi  
glide luncuran
gloss glos
glossary glosarium
glossematics glosematik
glosseme glosem
glossolalia glosolalia
glottal glotal
glottal catch hamzah
glottal stop hamzah
glottalic closure penyempitan glotal
glottalisation glotalisasi
glottalised berhamzah
glottis glotis
glottochronology glotokronologi
glottogonic linguistics asal-usul bahasa
glottopolitics linguistik politik; ilmu politik bahasa
goal tujuan
goverment reksio; penguasaan
gradation 1. gradasi, 2. penjenjang
graded area wilayah transisi
grading penjenjangan
grama analisis kon  
gramatical analysis analysis gra -matikal
gramatical word LIHAT PARTICLE
grammar gramatika; tata bahasa
grammarian ahli tata bahasa
grammar-translation method metode tata bahasa dan terjemahan
grammatical gramatikal
grammatical category kategori gramatikal
grammatical change perubahan gramatikal
grammatical feature ciri gramatikal
grammatical gender genus gramatikal )
grammatical item unsur gramatikal
grammatical meaning makna gra
grammatical subject subyek gramatikal
grammatical unit satuan gramatikal
grammaticalisation gramatikalisasi
grammaticality kegramatikalan
grammaticalness kegramatikalan
graph graf
grapheme grafem
graphemics grafemik
graphetics grafetik
graphic sign huruf
graphics LIHAT GRAPHETICS
graphology LIHAT GRAPHEMICS
Grassman’s law hukum Grassmanngrave
grave rendah
grave accent tanda aksen rendah
Greek alphabet abjad Yunani
Grimm’s law hukum Grimm
groove fricative sibilan
groove spirant sibilan
group 1. kelompok kata, frase 2.
guttural 1. velar, 2. faringal
guttural 1. velar, 2. faringal H
habitual aspect LIHAT ITERATIVE ASPECT
hamito-semitic linguistics LIHAT AFRO
haplography haplografi
haplology haplologi
hard LIHAT NONPALATALISED
hard palate palatums langit-langit
hard sign tanda nonpalatal
hard sign ideography  
harfiah  
harmonic harmonik
head induk
head word kata utama
hearing pendengaran
heavy stress tekanan keras
helper verb verba bantu
heteroclite 1. heteroklitus, 2. supletif
heterograph heterograf
heterography heterografi
heteronym heteronim
heteronymy heteronimi
heterophemy heterofemi
hiatus hiatus
hierarchy hierarki
hieratic script aksara hieratik
hieroglyphic script aksara hieroglif
high german sound shift pergeseran
high vowel vokal tinggi
high, low, back tinggi, rendah, be
high, low, back tinggi, rendah, be lakang
high-falling pola naik turun
hiragana hiragana
hiroglyphic Hittite bahasa Hatti
historical grammar gramatika historis
historical linguistics linguistik historis
historical phonology fonologi historis
historical semantics semantik historis
hold kekangan
hole in the pattern rumpang dalam
holophrase holofrase
holophrastic language tahap holo
homogram homogram
homogram homogram 18
homograph homograf
homography homografi
homonym homonim
homonymic clash LIHAT HoMONYMIC
homonymic conflict konflik homonimi
homonymy homonimi
homophone homofon
homophonic clash konflik homofoni
homophony homofoni
homorganic sound bunyi homor
honorific form bentuk hormat;
honorific form bentuk hormat; bentuk honorifik
human insan
humanism humanisme }
hybrid word hibrida
hyper sentence hiperkalimat
hyper-correction hiperkorek
hyper-form hiperkorek
hyphen tanda hubung
hyponym hiponim
hyponymy hiponimi
hypotatic clause klausa terikat
hypotaxis hipotaksis
hypothetical clause klausa hipotetis
iamb jambus
ibHateral opposition oposisi bilate
ibinarism kebineran
iciese juncture sendi rapat
iconic sign tanda ikonis
iconography ikonografi
ictus iktus
ideogram ideogram
ideograph ideograf
ideography ideografi
idiolect idiolek
idiom idiom
idiomatic expression LIHAT IDIOM
idiomatic translation penterjemah
idiophone idiofon
iinguistics linguistik
illiteracy buta huruf
illiterate buta huruf
imitation peniruan
imitative word ONOMATOPOEIA
immanence imanensi
immediate constituent konstituen
immigrant language bahasa imigran
imperative imperatif
imperfect imperfektum
imperfective aspect LIHAT DURATIVEASPECT
impersonal verb verba impersonal
implication implikasi
implosion hirup; implosi
implosive stop hambat hirup
impressionistic transcription transkripsi sepintas
improper speech ragam
inactive voice diatesis pasif
inanimate tak bernyawa
incapsulation LIHAT INCORPORATION
inceptive aspect aspek inkoatif
inchoative aspect aspek inkoatif
inclomplete verb LIHAT DEFECTIVE
included position konstruksi absolut
inclusion LIHAT HYPONYMY
inclusive personal pronoun pronomina persona inklusif
incongruity ketakkongruenan
incorpogating language bahasa inkorporatif
incorporation inkorporasi
indeclinable INFLEXIBLE
indefinite article artikel tak tentu
indefinite declension deklinasi kuat
indefinite determiner determinator
indefinite pronoun pronomina tak
indefinite pronoun pronomina tak tentu
indegenous language bahasa pribumi
independent clause klausa bebas
independent element unsur bebas
index indeks
indic linguistics linguistik India
indicative mood modus deklaratif
indirect discourse wacana tak langsung
indirect object obyek tak langsung
indirect question kalimat tanya tak
indirect quotation kutipan tak langsung
indirect speech wacana tak langsung
individual variant LIHAT FREE VARIANT
indo-european linguistics linguistik
indo-germanic linguistics linguistik
indo-germanic linguistics linguistik Indo German
infantile speech bahasa sulung
inferior comparison perbandingan
infinite verb form verba infinit
infinitive infinitif
infinitive phrase frase infinitif
infix infiks; sisipan
inflected language bahasa inflektif;
inflection infleksi; fleksi
inflection intervocalic  
inflexible infleksibel
inflexional suffix sufiks inflektif
informant informan
information isi amanat; informasi
information theory teori informasi
ingressive ingresif
ingressive air-stream aliran udara
ingressive stop hambatan ingresif
inhalation hirup; sedotan
initial glide luncuran awal
initial mutation mutasi awal
initiator inisiator
inner closure penyempitan di dalam
innovation inovasi
inserted clause LIHAT PARANTHESIS
inspiration hirup; sedotan
instantaneous release penglepasan
instrumental instrumentals; alat
instrumental phonetics fonetik instrumental
instrumentative verb verba instrumentatif
integration integrasi
intensifier penguat
intension intensi
intensional meaning makna implikatif
intensity accent tekanan dinamis
intensive LIHAT INTENSIFIER
intensive pronoun LIHAT REFLEXIVE
interdental interdental
interdental interdental 20
interference interferensi
interjected clause klausa sisipan
interjection interyeksi; kata seru
interlinguistics interlinguistik
interlude interlud
intermediate structure struktur antara
internal change LIHAT ABLAUT
internal hiatus INTERNAL OPEN JUNCTURE
internal inflection LIHAT ABLAUT
internal loan peminjaman antar dialek
internal meaning makna struktural
internal open juncture sendi buka
internal open juncture sendi buka dalam
internal reconstruction rekonstruksi dalam; rekonstruksi intern
internal speech endofasia
internal structure struktur intern
international words kata-kata internasional
interpreter penterjemah
interrogative modus interogatif
interrogative adjective adyektif interogatif
interrogative adverb adverbia interogatif
interrogative mark tanda tanya
interrogative pronoun pronomina interogatif
interrogative sentence kalimat tanya
interrogative word kata tanya
interview teknik wawancara
intervocalic aritarvokal
intial stress tekanan awal
intiation awal produks bunyi
intimacy taraf kekariban
intimate speech ragam intim
intonation intonasi
intonation formant morfem intonasi
intonation language bahasa berton
intonation morpheme morfem intonasi
intonation pattern pola intonasi
intralinguistic feature ciri intra-liguistik
introductory adverb LIHAT CONJUNCTIVF
introductory adverb LIHAT CONJUNCTIVF ADVERB
intrusion intrusi
invariable word kata invarian
invariant kata invarian
inverse derivation derivasi balik
inversion inver
inverted commas tanda kutip tung
inverted word order LIHAT INVERSION
ipase compound kompositum primer
irradiation pemencaran makna
irregular verb verba tak teratur
irregularity ketakteraturan
isochronism isokronisme
isoerg isoplet
isogloss isoglos
isograde isoplet
isograph LIHAT ISOGLOSS
isolate 1. berfungsi klausa, 2. segmen
isolated area wilayah terpencil
isolating language bahasa isolatif
isomorph isomorf
isomorphic line LIHAT1SOMORPH
isomorphism isomorfisme
isophone isofon
isopleth isoplet
isosyllabism isosilabisme
isosyntagmic line garis isosintagmik
isotonic line garis isotonis
issoglottic line LIHAT ISOGLOSS
item unsur
item analysis analisis soalan
item-and arrangement model tata
item-and process model proses
iterative aspect aspek iteratif
iterative compound dwilingga
iterative numeral kata bilangan
jargon jargon
Isolex isoleks
isolexic line lihat ISOLEX
Juxtapositional dissimilation disimilasi rapat
Toneme tonem
juncture sendi
Junggrammatiker Junggrammatiker
juxtapositional assimilation asimilasi rapat
kana kana
katakana katakana
kernel (sentence) (kalimat) inti
key ragam d
kinaesthetic feedback umpan balik bahasa
kine kine language skill
kineme kinem
kinemics kinemika
kinesics kinisika r
kinetic consonant konsonan kinetik
kinship terms istilah kekerabatan
ko 10  
koine koine
kymograph kimograf
labial labial
labialisation labialisasi
labio-dental labiodental
labio-labial labiolabial
labiovelar labiovelar
laboratory phonetics fonetik eksperimental
lag asimilasi progresif
lallation mengagah
lambdaism lamdaisme
laminal laminal
language bahasa
language acquisition pemerolehan
language arts pelajaran ketrampilan
language arts pelajaran ketrampilan bahasa
language boundary batas bahasa
language change perubahan bahasa
language contact kontak bahasa
language family keluarga bahasa
language laboratory laboratorium
language learning belajar bahasa;
language learning belajar bahasa; pembelajaran bahasa
language of instruction bahasa pengantar
language planning perencanaan ba
language standardisation standardisasi bahasa
language teaching pengajaran bahasa
language universal semesta bahasa
language variety variasi bahasa
lapse lapsus
laringeal LIHAT GLOTTAL
laryngectomy laringektomi
laryngoscope laringoskop
larynx larings
lateral lateral
lateral area wilayah pinggiran
lateral plosion letupan lateral
lateral release penglepasan lateral
Latin alphabet abjad Latin
latinate grammar tata bahasa semu
law in linguistics hukum dalam bahasa
law of abreviation LIHAT ZIPF’ LAW
lax kendur
layering penyelipan
learned word kata teknis
Leipzig school Junggrammatiker
length rentang waktu; panjang pendek
lenis lenis
lenition pelenisan
lento form bentuk lento
letter huruf
level 1. tataran, 2. tingkat
levelling regularisasi
level-skipping loncatan tataran
lexeme leksem
lexical field medan leksikal
lexical item unsur leksikal
lexical meaning makna leksikal
lexical selection LIHAT COLLOCATION
lexical stress tekanan kata
lexical system sistem lcksikal
lexical tone ton leksikal
lexical word kata penuh
lexicalisation leksikalisasi
lexicographer ahli leksikografi; ahli
lexicography leksikografi
lexicology leksikologi
lexicon leksikon; kosakata
lexicostatistics leksik ostatistik
lexis 1. leksikon, 2. leksikologi
lexotactics leksotaktik
licence ragam puitis
ligature ligatur
light lemah
limitation pembatasan materi pengajaran
linear phoneme fonem segmental
linear script aksara
linearity kelinieran
linguagram linguagram
linguist ahli linguistik
linguistic analysis analisis bahasa
linguistic anthropology antropologi linguistik
linguistic area wilayah bahasa
linguistic borrowing peminjaman
linguistic change perubahan bahasa
linguistic circle perkumpulan linguistik
linguistic context konteks linguistik
linguistic demography demografi bahasa
linguistic form bentuk bahasa
linguistic geography geografi bahasa
linguistic group kelompok bahasa
linguistic philosophy filsafat baha
linguistic philosophy filsafat baha sa
linguistic psychology psikolinguistik
linguistic relativity relativitas baha
linguistic sciences ilmu pengetahu
linguistic semantics semantik linguistik
linguistic sign lambang bahasa
linguistic skill ketrampilan bahasa
linguistic taboo tabu
linguistic typology tipologi bahasa
linguistician ahli linguistik
LINGUISTICS  
LINGUISTICS 36  
linguistik \  
linking LIHAT INTRUSIVE
linking morpheme morfem pengikat
lip rounding labialisasi; pembundaran bibir
lip spreading delabialisasi; penghamparan bibir
liquid likuida
listening mendengar
literacy melek huruf
literal translation (pen)terjemahan
literary language bahasa sastra
literary translation penterjemahan
literature kesusastraan
living language bahasa hidup
loan pinjaman
loan shift pinjam ubah
loan translation pinjam terjemah
loan word kata pinjaman
local dialect LIHAT REGIONAL DIALECT
locative lokatif
logical subject subyek logis
logogram logogram
logograph logograf
logography logografi
logotactics terapi bahasa
London school aliran Britania
long consonant konsonan panjang
long vowel vokal panjang
loose appositon aposisi renggang
loquacity kefasihan
loudness kelantangan
low vowel vokal bawah
machine translation (pen)terjemahan mesin
macrolinguistics makrolinguistik
macron makron
main clause klausa utama
main verb verba utama
major class feature ciri-ciri distingtif utama
major sentence Kalimat lengkap
Malayo-Polynesian linguistics linguistic Melayu-Polinesia
manifestation manifestasi
manner of articulation cara artiku~
manner of discourse ragam bahasa
margin pinggir
margin of security batas variasi
marginal area wilayah pinggiran
marginal elements unsur-unsur pinggir
mark of correlation ciri korelasi
marked (member) eksplisit; bertanda
marker penanda
masculine maskulin; jantan
mathematical linguistics linguistik
matrix sentence kalimat matriks
matronymic matronimi
meaning makna
meaningful bermakna
meaningless tak bermakna
mechanical translation LIHAT MACHINE
mechanistic linguistics aliran mekanisme
mediacval linguistics linguistik abad
mediae oklusif bersuara
mediopalatal mediopalatal
medio-velar mediovelar
medium vowel LIHAT MID VOWEL
melioration LIHAT AMELIORATION
meliorative suffix sufiks amelioratif
melodics telaah intonasi
melody melodi
mentalism mentalisme
mentalistic linguistics aliran menta
merger konvergensi
mesolanguage bahasa madya
message amanat
metalanguage metabahasa
metalinguistics metalinguistik
metanalysis metanalisis
metaphone metafon
metaphony LIHAT UMLAUT
metaphor metafora
metaphrase metafrase
metathesis metatesis
method metode
metonymy metonimi
metre metrum
microlinguistics mikrolinguistik
mid vowel vokal tengah
middle voice medial
middle voice motor phonetics  
middle vowel vokal tengah
mimicry mimikri
mimmetic word LIHAT IMIMATIVE WORD
minimal contrast kontras minimal
minimal pair pasangan minimal
minor sentence Kkalimat tak leng-kap
mixed language bahasa camnuran
mixing of languages percampuran
modal auxiliary verb verba modal
modality modalitas
mode LIHAT MOOD
mode of articulation cara artikulasi
mode of discourse LIHAT REGISTER
model model
modern language bahasa modern
modification modifikasi; perwatasan
modifier pewatas
modulation modulasi
moneme monem
mongrel word hibrida
monogenesis theory teori monogenesis
monoglot LIHAT MONOLINGUAL
monolateral consonant konsonan
monolingual monolingual; ekabaha
monolingual monolingual; ekabaha sa
monologue monolog
monomorphemic monomorfemis
monopersonal verb LIHAT IMPERSONAL.
monophonemic monofonemis
monophthong monoftong
monophtongisation monoftongisasi
monosemy monosemi
monosyllabic monosilabis
monosystemic , monosistemis
monumental writing LIHAT CURSIVE
mood modus
mora mora
morph morf
morpheme morfem
morpheme alternant LIHAT ALLMOREH
morphemic analysis analisis morfemis
morphemically conditioned alternation variasi morfofonemis
morphemics LIHAT MORPHOLOGY
morphological analysis analisis morfologis
morphological assimilation asimilasi morfologis
morphological doublet bentuk kembar’morfologis
morphological extension LIHAT AFFIXATION
morphology morfologi
morpholological change perubahan
morphoneme morfofonem
morpho-phoitblogy morfofonologi
morpho-phoneme morfofonem
morpho-phonemic stress tekanan
morpho-phonemic variation variesi
morpho-phonemic variation variesi morfofonemis
morpho-phonemics LIHATMORPHO-PHONOLOGY
morpho-semantic field medan morfosemantis
morphotactics morfotaktik
mother tongue bahasa ibu
motor phonetics LIHAT ARTICULATORY
movable speech organ LIHAT ARTICU
movable speech organ LIHAT ARTICU LATOR
movable speech organ noa word  
movable stress tekanan bebas
multidimentional phonology LIHAT PROSODIC PHONOLOGY
multilingual anekabahasa; multili
multilingual anekabahasa; multili ngual
multilingualism keanekabahasaan;
multilingualism keanekabahasaan; multilingualisme .
multiple meaning LIHAT POLYSEMY
multiple meaning LIHAT POLYSEMY
multiple sentence LIHAT COMPOUND
multiplicative numeral r meralia
multiplicative numeral r meralia multiplikatif
multi-segmental feature LIHAT SUPRA
multi-segmental feature LIHAT SUPRA SEGMENTAL FEATURE
multisyllable LIHAT POLYSYLLABLE
murmur vowel LIHAT MID VOWEL
mutation LIHAT ABLAUT
mutual intelligibility saling penger
mutually exclusive saling menghin
mutually exclusive saling menghin dari
naming penanaman; onomatesia
narrative tuturan; penuturan
narrow diphthong diftong sempit
narrow transcription  
narrow vowel vokal sempit
narrowed meaning makna sempit
narrowing of meaning penyempitan makna Q
nasal nasal; hidung; sengau
nasal cavity rongga hidung
nasal pharynx farings hidung
nasal plosion letupan nasal
nasal release penglepasan nasal
nasal twang aksen sengau
nasal vowel vokal sengau; vokal nasal
nasal vs oral nasal lawan oral
nasalisation nasalisasi; penyengau-an
nasalised dinasalisasikan
nasalised vowel vokal nasal
national language bahasa nasional
native language bahasa ibu; bahasa
native speaker bahasawan
native word kata asli
natural gender jenis alami
natural language bahasa manusia;
naturalism naturalisme
near-synonim sinonim dekat
negation pengingkaran
negative ingkar
negative conjunction  
negative particle partikel ingkar
neo-firthian linguistics linguistik
neo-linguistics neolinguistik
neologism neologisme
neo-saussurean linguistics LIHAT GLOSSEMATICS; COPENHAGEN SCHOOL
nesting penyematan endosentris
neuter netral
neutral vowel LIHAT MID VOWEL
neutralisation netralisasi
nexus index indeks neksus
niiddle language bahasa tengahan
noa word noa
noa word PHONETICS  
node simpai
node occlusive  
noeme noem
noise gangguan; bising
nomenclature nomenklatur; tata
nominal nominal
nominal clause klausa nominal
nominal definision definisi nominal
nominal group LIHAT NOUN PHRASE
nominal phrase frase nominal
nominal sequence LIHAT NOUN PHRASE
nominalisation nominalisasi
nominalism nominalisme
nominative nominatif
nominative absolute LIHAT ABSOLUTE
non-cluster LIHAT NOUN PHRASE
non-consonantal nonkonsonantal
non-contiguous assimilation asimilasi jauh
non-continuant bukan malaran
non-contrastive variant LIHAT FREE VARIANT
non-coronal nonkoronal
non-definite article artikel tak tentu
non-distinctive feature ciri non-distingtif
non-favourite sentence kalimat tak
non-finite verb form bentuk verba
non-finite verb form bentuk verba infinit
non-flat tak sempit
non-flat tak sempit
non-functional variation LIHAT FREE VARIATION
non-palatalised nonpalatal
non-past tense kala tak lampau
non-restrictive nonrestriktif
non-significant LIHAT NONDISTINGTIF
non-standard nonstandar
non-syllabic nonsilabis
non-vocalic nonvokalis
norm norma
normative linguistics linguistik normatif
notation notasi
notional word LIHAT CONTENT WORD
noun nomina, kata benda
noun adjunct nomina atribut
noun clause klausa nominal
noun phrase frase nominal
noun phrase initiator pengawal frase nominal
nounal function gatra nominal
nuance nuansa
nucleus inti suku kata
number bilangan
numeral numeralia; kata bilangan
numeral classifier penjodoh bilangan
nursery language tutur bayi
nyugatit CONJUNCTION  
object obyek
objective case kasus obyektif
objective pronoun pronomina obyektif
obligative mood modus obligatif
obligatory wajib
oblique case kasus nonnominatif
oblique question tanya tak langsung
observation observasi
obstruent obstruen; tak nyaring
obviative obviatif
occlusive oklusif; hentian
Oceanic linguistics linguistik Oseania
Oceanic linguistics parasynthetic formation  
off glide luncuran akhir
official language bahasa resmi
on-glide luncuran awal
-onomasiology onomasiologi
onomastics onomastika
onomathesia onomatesia; penamaan
onomatology LIHAT ONOMASTICS
onomatopoeia onomatope
onomatopoeic theory teori onomatope
onset ancang-ancang
ontogeny ontogeni
open class word LIHAT CONTENT WORD
open juncture sendi buka
open list perangkat
open set perangkat
open syllable suku buka
open vowel vokal rendah
opposition oposisi
optative mood modus optatif
optional tak wajib
optional variant LIHAT FREE VARIANT
oral oral
oral cavity rongga mulut
oral literature sastra lisan
oratorical speech ragam pidato
order urutan
ordinal number numeralia tingkat;
ordinary language LIHAT COMMON
ordinary language LIHAT COMMON LANGUAGE
organs of speech alat ucap
origin of language asal-usul bahasa
origin of speech LIHAT ORIGIN OF LA
orthoepy ortoepi; lafal standar
orthography ortografi
oscillograph osilograf
oscilloscope osiloskop
ostensive definition definisi ostensif
overcorrection LIHAT HYPER-CORRECTION
overlapping distribution distribusi
overtone konotasi
oxytone oksiton
oxytonic language bahasa oksiton
palaeography paleografi
palatal palatal
palatalisation palatalisasi
palatalised dipalatalisasikan
palate langit-langit keras, palatum
palato-alveolar palato-alveolar
palatogram palatogram
palatography palatografi
palindrome LIHAT ANAGRAM
paradigm paradigma
paradigmatic paradigmatis
paragogue paragog
paragraph paragraf
paralinguistics paralinguistik
paralinguistics feature ciri-ciri palinguistis
parametric linguistics linguistik parametris
paraphrase parafrase
paraplasm paraplasme
paraplastic form paraplasme
parasitic LIHAT EPENTHETIC
parasynthesis LIHAT PARASYNTHETON
parasynthetic formation LIHAT PARA
parasyntheton parasinteton
parataxis parataksis
parent language bahasa induk
parent language bahasa induk
parenthesis 1. parentesis, 2. tanda
parenthetical clause klausa paren
parenthetical clause klausa paren tesis
paronomasia paronomasia
paronym paronim
paroxytone paroksiton
paroxytonic language bahasa paroksitonis
parsing uraian kalimat
part of speech kelas kata
partial assimilation asimilasi sebagian
participial phrase frase partisip
participle bentuk partisipel
particle partikel
partitive article artikel partitif
partitive genitive genitif partitif
partitive numeral kata bilangan partitif
pasigraphy pasigrafi
pasimology pasimologi
passive pasif
passive articulator titik artikulasi
passive voice diatesis pasif
patronymic patronim
pattern pola
pattern drill latih runtun pola
pause jeda
peak of prominence LIHAT PEAK OF
peak of sonority puncak kenya
peak of sonority puncak kenya ringan
pedagogical grammar tata bahasa
pedagogical grammar tata bahasa (gramatika) pedagogis.
pedagogical linguistics linguistik pe
pedagogical linguistics linguistik pe dagogis
pedigree theory LIHAT FAMILY TREE
pejoration peyorasi
pejorative peyoratif
pejorative affix afiks peyoratif
penultimate praakhir
perception persepsi; penaggapan
perfect aspect aspek perfektif
perfect tense kala perfektum
perfective aspect aspek perfektif
performative performatif
period 1. periode, 2. titik
peripheral area wilayah pinggiran
permansive aspect aspek permansif
person persona
personal pronoun pronomina persona; kata ganti orang
petroglyph LIHAT PETROGRAM
petrogram petrogram
petrography petrografi
pharyngeal faringal
pharyngeal cavity rongga faring
pharyngealisation faringalisasi
pharynx faring
phase fase
phase of articulation fase artikulasi
phatic communion hubungan fatis
philology filologi
philoshophical semantics seman tik filsafat
philosophical grammar tata bahasa
philosophy of language filsafat bahasa
phonaestheme fonestem
phonaesthetic series seri fonestetis
phonation pembunyian
phone fon
phonematic unit satuan fonématis
phonematic unit SYNTHETON  
phonematics fonematik
phoneme fonem
phoneme pleonasm  
phoneme-grapheme correspondence  
phonemic fonemis
phonemic analysis analisis fonemis
phonemic contrast kontras fonemis
phonemic loan pinjaman fonemis
phonemic principle prinsip fonemis
phonemic sound change perubahan fonemis
phonemic stress tekanan fonemis
phonemic structure struktur fonemis
phonemic transcription transkripsi
phonemicist ahli fonemik
phonemics fonemik
phonestheme fonestem
phonetic alphabet abjad fonetis
phonetic context lingkungan bunyi
phonetic empathy empati bunyi
phonetic indicator penanda bunyi
phonetic law hukum bunyi
phonetic notation LIHAT PHONETIC
phonetic sign tanda bunyi
phonetic sound change perubahan
phonetic spelling ejaan fonetis
phonetic symbol lambang bunyi
phonetic transcription transkripsi
phonetic variant alofon
phonetician ahli fonetik
phonetics fonetik
phonic fonis
phonic substance substansi bunyi
phonogram fonogram
phonography fonografi
phonological analysis analisis fonologis
phonological change perubahan fonologis
phonological component komponen fonologi
phonological item unsur fonologis
phonologist ahli fonologi
phonology fonologi
phonometrics fonometri
phonostylistics fonostilistika
phonotactics fonotaktik
phrasal verb frase verbal
phrase frase
phrase structure struktur frase
phrase structure struktur frase
phrase structure component LIHAT PHRASE STRUCTURE GRAMMAR
phrase structure grammar gramatika struktur frase
phrase structure rule kaidah struktur frase .
phrase-maker; p-marker penanda
phylogeny filogeni
physical phonetics LIHAT ACOUSTIC PHONETICS
physiological phonetics LIHAT ARTICULATORY PHONETICS
physiological phonetics LIHAT ARTICULATORY PHONETICS
pictograph piktograf ~~
pictography piktografi
pidgin pijin
pitch nada
pitch accent tekanan nada
place of articulation titik artikulasi
plain lugu
plane sisi
pleonasm pleonasme
plereme komponen makna; plerem
plereme komponen makna; plerem (Hjelmslev)
plosion letupan
plosive plosif
plural jamak; pluralis
poetic licence penyimpangan puitis
poetics poetika
poetry sajak
point of articulation titik artikulasi
polisemy polisemi
polite form bentuk hormat
polygenesis tlieory teori poligenesis
polyglot LIHAT MULTILINGUAL
polylingual LIHAT MULTILINGUAL
polyphony polifoni
polysemia LIHAT POLISEMY
polysyllable bersuku kata banyak;
polysyndeton polisindeton
polysyndeton polisindeton polysynthetic language INCORPO
polysystemic phonology fonologi
polysysthemic polisistemis
polytonic language LIHAT TONE LANGUAGE
popular etymology kerata basa
popular language LIHAT COMMON LA
popular word kata sehari-hari
portmanteau word LIHAT AMALGAM
position of articulation titik artikulasi
positional variant’ — ALLOPHO- NIC VARIANT
positional variant’ — ALLOPHO-  
positive degree tingkat positif
possessive adjective adyektif posesif
possessive case kasus genitif
possessive compound kompositum
possessive pronoun pronomina posesif
post-alveolar alveolar belakang
post-dental dental belakang
post-determiner postdeterminator
post-palatal palatal belakang
post-position postposisi
postulate postulat
post-velar velar belakang
post-vocalic postvokalis
power (of grammars) daya mampu
pragmatic translation (pen)terjemahan faktual
pragmatics pragmatik
Prague school aliran Praha
pre-article LIHAT PREDETERMINER
prebase prefiks; awalan
pre-co-ordinator koordinator depan
predeterminer predeterminator
predicate predikat
predicate adjectival LIHAT PREDICATIVE ADJECTIVE
predicate complement LIHAT PREDICATE NOUN
predicate nominative LIHAT PREDICATE NOUN
predicate nominative LIHAT PREDICATE NOUN
predicate noun predicat nominal
predicate phrase frase predikatif
predicate phrase frase predikatif
predication (sistem) predikasi
predicative adjective predicat adyektif ‘
predicative attribute atribut predikatif
predicative attribute prothesis; prosthesis  
predicative construction konstruksi
prefix prefiks; awalan
prefixing language bahasa berprefiks
prepalatal palatal depan
preposition preposisi; kata depan
prepositional preposisional
prepositional object objek preposisional
prescriptive grammar tata bahasa
prescriptivism preskriptivisme
present tense kala Kini
prestige dialect dialek tinggi
presupposition praanggapan
prevelar velar depan
prevocalic pravokalis
primary articulation artikulasi primer
primary compound kompositum
primary derivative kata turunan primer; derivat primer
primary language bahasa ibu
primary unit satuan dasar
principal unsur utama
principal clause klausa induk
principal verb verba utama
principle of least effort prinsip
privative affix afiks negatif
privilage of occurrence posisi sintaksis
procedure prosedur
process proses
proclitic proklitik
productive affix afiks produktif
proficiency kemahiran
proform bentuk silih ;
programmed instruction pengajaran berprogram
programming penyiapan program;
progressive aspect aspek progresif
progressive assimilation asimilasi
progressive dissimilation disimilasi
progressive dissimilation disimilasi progresif
prohibitive larangan
prolepsis prolepsis
pronominal pronominal
pronominalisation pronominalisasi
pronoun pronomina; kata ganti
pronunciation lafal
prop word kata silih
proparoxytone proparoksiton
proper name nama diri
proper noun nama diri
proposition proposisi
proscriptive grammar gramatika
prose prosa
prosiopesis LIHAT APHERESIS
prosodeme prosodem
prosodic analysis analisis prosodi
prosodic feature ciri suprasegmental; ciri prosodi
prosodic mark tanda prosodi
prosodic phonology fonologi prosodi
prosodic sign tanda prosodi
prosody prosodi
prosthesis protesis
protasis protasis; klausa kondisional
prothesis; prosthesis protesis
prothetic; prosthetic protetis
proto language bahasa purba
provincialism ciri lokal
proximate proksimatif
pseuco-procedure prosedure semu
psycholinguistics psikolinguistik
psychological phonetics LIHAT AUDITORY PHONETICS
psychological subject subyek psikologis
psythological linguistics LIHAT PSYCHO LINGUISTICS
pun LIHAT PARONOMASIA
punctual aspect aspek pungtual;
punctuation pungtuasi
purism purisme
qualifier pemeri; kualifikator
quantifier pembilang; kuantifikator
quantitative ablaut ablaut kuantitatif
quantitative linguistics LIHAT MATHEMATICAL LINGUISTICS
quantity kuantitas
question tanya
question mark tanda tanya
question word kata tanya
questionnaire kuesioner; angket
quotation mark tanda petik
radiation penyebaran makna
radical akar
rank tataran
rank-bound terikat tataran
rank-scale hierarki
rank-shift pergeseran tataran
rationalists ahli bahasa rasionalis
reading 1. membaca, 2. pembacaan, 3. bacaan
real definition definisi riil
realisation realisasi; manifestasi
realism realisme
received pronunciation lafal yang
recessive stress rekanan resesif
reciprocal assimilation asimilasi resiprok
recompositon rekomposisi
rection reksio
reduction 1. kontraksi; abreviasi,
redundancy kelimpahan; limpahan
redundant melimpah
reduplication reduplikasi
reference 1. anafora, 2. hubungan
referend; referent referen
referential meaning makna referen
reflex bentuk turunan; refleks
reflexive pronoun pronomina refleksif
reflexive verb verba refleksif
regional dialect dialek regional
register 1. kualitas suara, 2. ragam
regressive assimilation asimilasi re
regressive assimilation asimilasi re 33
regressive dissimilation disimilasi
regressive dissimilation disimilasi regresif
regressive dissimilation satem language  
regular verb verba teratur
regularity keteraturan
regularity of sound change keteraturan hukum bunyi
related language bahasa kerabat
relater perangkai
relative adverb adverbia relatif
relative clause klausa relatif
relative pronoun pronomina relatif
relativity relativitas bahasa
relator-axis clause klausa berkonstruksi perangkai-sumbu
relator-axis phrase frase ‘berkonstruksi perangkai-sumbu .
renaissance linguistics linguistik
repertory perbendaharaan
repetitive compound reduplikasi
replacive morph morf replasif
reported question tanya tak langsung
reported speech wacana tak lang
representation LIHAT MANIFESTATION;
representation LIHAT MANIFESTATION; REALIZATION
representational function LIHAT runcTION
resiprocal pronoun pronomina resiprok
resiprocal verb verba resiprokal
resonance resonansi
resonance chamber ruang resonansi
resonant resonan
resonator resonator
response (pen)tanggapan
restricted apposition aposisi rapat
restrictive restriktif
retroflex retrofleks
retroflexion retrofleksi
retrogressive dissimilation — REGRESSIVE DISSIMILATION  
revival form LIHAT ARCHAISM
rewrite menjabarkan
rewrite rule kaidah penjabaran
rhema tema
rhetoric retorika
rhotacism rotasisme
rhyme rima
rhythm ritme
rising diphthong diftong naik
rising juncture sendi naik
rising-falling naik-turun
rolled (consonant) konsonan getai
Roman alphabet abjad Romawi;
Romance linguistics linguistik Romanika
romanisation romanisasi
root akar
root-inflected language bahasa berakar inflektif
root-isolating language bahasa berakar isolatif
rounded bundar
rounded dilabialisasikan; dibundarkan
rounding labialisasi, pembundaran
rule kaidah
runic alphabet abjad runik
sandhi sandi
satem language bahasa satem
satem language gresif  
Saussurean linguistics aliran Jenewa
saying pepatah; bidal
scholasticism linguistik skolastik
scientific grammar tata bahasa tek-nis
script aksara; tulisan
second articulation  
second language bahasa kedua
second sound shift perubahan bunyi bahasa German Tinggi
secondary articulation artikulasi sekonder
secondary derivative Kata turunan
secondary feature ciri sckonder
secondary language LIHAT FOREIGN LA
secondary phoneme fonem sekon
secondary phoneme fonem sekon der
secondary stress tekanan sekonder
secondary unit satuan sekonder
second-order language LIHAT METALANGUAGE
segment segmen
segmental analysis analisis segmental
segmental phoneme fonem segmen
segmental phoneme fonem segmen tal
segmental phonology fonologi segm ental
segmentation segmentasi
segmenttator segmentator
selection restriction taktik
semanteme semantem
semantic analysis LIHAT SEMANTICS
semantic change perubahan makna
semantic component 1. komponen
semantic differential diferensial sc
semantic differential diferensial sc mantis
semantic distinguisher pembeda
semantic distinguisher pembeda makna
semantic feature LIHAT SEMANTIC COM
semantic feature LIHAT SEMANTIC COM PONENT
semantic field medan makna
semantic field theory teori medan
semantic marker LIHAT SEMANTIC COMPONENT
semantic pair pasangan semantis
semantic property komponen makna
semantic range jangkauan makna
semantic shift perubahan makna
semantic structure struktur semantis
semantic triangle teori semantik segi tiga
semantic value nilai semantis
semantics semantik
semasiology LIHAT SEMANTICS
sematology LIHAT SEMANTICS
seme sem
sememe seinem
sememic stratum stratum sememis
semi-colon titik koma
semi-consonant semikonsonan
semiotic system sistem tanda; sistem semiotis
semiotics semiotika
semi-vowel semivokal
semology LIHAT SEMANTICS
semotactics semotaktik
sense maksud
senserelations hubungan maksud
sentence kalimat
sentence adverbial modifikator kalimat
sentence compound kalimat majemuk
sentence compound specialisation of meaning  
sentence connector 1. penghubung
sentence fragment kalimat tak lengkap
sentence modifier modifikator kalimat
sentence parts bagian kalimat
sentence pattern pola kalimat
sentence perspective perspektif kalimat
sentence stress tekanan kalimat
sequence deret
sequencing penderetan
series seri
set perangkat; set
shape bangun
shift of meaning pergeseran makna
shortening kontraksi; pemendekan
sign 1. tanda, 2. lambang
signification pelambangan
significs semiotika
silence kesenyapan
silent senyap
simile ibarat
simple predicate predikat tunggal
simple sentence kalimat tunggal
simple stem pangkal tunggal
simple vowel LIHAT MONOPHTHONG
singular tunggal; singularis
sino-tibetian linguistics linguistik
sinusoidal wave form gelombang sinusoid
sister language bahasa kerabat
situation situasi
skill ketrampilan’.
Slavic linguistics linguistik Slavika
slit fricative frikatif selit
slot gatra
social dialect dialek sosial
sociolect LIHAT SOCIAL DIALECT
sociolinguistics sosiolinguistik
sociological linguistics 1. linguistik
soft dipalatalisasikan
soft consonant konsonan tak dipalatalisasikar
soft palate velum; langit-langit lembut
soft sign tanda palatal
softening palatalisasi
solliloquy LIHAT MONOLOGUE
sonagraph sonagraf
sonant sonan
sonorant nyaring
sonority sonorita, kenyaringan
sonority sonoritas; kenyaringan.
sound bunyi
sound change perubahan bunyi
sound change by allophones perubahan alofonis
sound change by phonemes perubahan fonemis
sound echoism onomatope
sound law hukum bunyi
sound shift pergeseran bunyi
sound source sumber bunyi
sound spectrograph spektrograf bun
sound symbolism lambang bunyi
sound system sistem bunyi
sound wave gelombang bunyi
source sumber komunikasi
source language bahasa sumber
speaking bicara; bertutur
special language dialek khusus
specialisation of meaning penyempitan makna
specialised meaning makna sempit
Spectral analysis analisis spektrograf
spectrogram spektrogram
spectrograph spektrograf
spectrum spektrum
speculative grammar gramatika spekulatif
speech 1. wicara, 2. ujaran
speech act pertuturan
speech community masyarakat bahasa
speech defect kelainan wicara
speech disorder LIHAT SPEECH DEFECT
speech event pertuturan
speech impediment LIHAT SPEECH DEFECT
speech island masyarakat bahasa
speech organs alat ucap
speech pathology patologi bahasa
speech perception persepsi bahasa
speech production produksi bahasa
speech recognition pengenalan bahasa
speech sound bunyi bahasa
speech stretcher peregang bunyi
speech synthesis lafal buatan
speech therapy terapi bahasa
spelling ejaan
spelling pronunciation lafal menurut ejaan
spelling reform pembaruan ejaan
spirant spiran
split pisahan; pemisahan
spoken language bahasa lisan
sponde spondeus
spontaneous sound change LIHAT SPORADIC SOUND CHANGE
sporadic sound change perubahan
spread vowel vokal tak bulat; vokal
spread vowel vokal tak bulat; vokal hampar
staging penahapan
stammer gagap
standard dialect dialek standar
standard language bahasa standar;
standard speech bahasa standar
standardisation standardisasi; pembakuan
starred form bentuk asterisk
state of language LIHAT TEMPORAL DIALECT
statement pernyataan
static linguistics LIHAT SYNCHRONIC
statistical linguistics linguistik statistik
status status
status label label pemakaian
stem pangkal (infleksi)
stem compound kompositum pang
stemma stema
stimulus perangsang
stop oklusif; hentian; hambat.
stratification stratifikasi
stratificational grammar gramatika
stratum stratum
stress tekanan
stress group suku bertekanan
stress mark tanda tekanan
stress-timed language bahasa berderap tekanan
stricture penyempitan
string untaian
string analysis analisis untaian linier
string comstituent analysis analisis
strong declension deklinasi kuat
strong declension suprasegmental grapheme  
strong verb verba teratur
structural change pindahan struktur; perubahan struktur
structural description deskripsi struktural
structural lingistics linguistik struktural
structural meaning makna struktural
structural semantics semantik struktural
structural word LIHAT PARTICLE
structural(istic) linguistics finguis
structuralism strukturalisme
structure struktur
structure drill latihan struktur
stutter LIHAT STAMMER
style gaya bahasa
stylistics stilistika
stylostatistics statistik gaya bahasa
subcategorisation subkatagorisasi
sub-clause klausa terikat
subgroup kelompok bahasa
subgrouping pengelompokan
subject subyek
subject complement LIHAT PREDICATE NOUN
subjective case kasus nominatif
subjective pronoun pronomina subyektif
subjunctive mood modus subyungtif
subordinate subordinat
subordinate clause klausa terikat
subordinating conjungtion 1konyungsi subordinatif
subordination subordinasi
subordinative conjunction  
subordinator LIHAT SUBORDINATING
subordinator LIHAT SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
subphonemic variant alofon
substance substansi
sub-standard substandar
substantive LIHAT NOMINAL
substantive universal semestaan substantif .
substitution substitusi
substitution class golongan segatra
substitution drill latihan runtun pola
substitution frame rangka substitusi
substrate substratum
suction stop oklusif ingresif
suffix sufiks; akhiran
suffixing language bahasa bersufiks
superficial structure struktur lahir;.
superfix LIHAT SUPRAFIX
superior comparison perbandingan
superordinate superordinat
superstratum superstratum
supetlative degree tingkat superlatif
suppletion suplesi
suppletive supletif
supradental LIHAT ALVEOLAR
suprafix suprafiks
supraglottal cavity rongga supraglotal
supraglottal friction geseran supraglotal
suprasegmental feature ciri suprasegmental
suprasegmental grapheme grafem
suprasegmental grapheme sintagmem  
suprasegmental phoneme fonem suprasegmental
surd LIHAT UNVOICED
surface grammar tata bahasa permukaan
surface structure struktur permukaan
switching alih
syllabary silabogram
syllabic 1. inti suku kata, 2. silabis
syllabic consonant konsonan sil
syllabic sign LIHAT SYLLABOGRAM
syllabic writing aksara silabis; silabografi
syllabication penyukuan; silabikasi
syllable suku kata; silabe
syllable nucleus inti suku kata
syllabogram silabogram
syllabography — sy LLABIC WRITING
symbol 1. lambang; simbol, 2. tanda
symbolic sign tanda
symmetrical patterning pemalaan
synchronic linguistics linguistik sinkronis
syncope sinkope
syncretism sinkretisme
syncrisis sinkrisis
syndesis polisindeton
syndetic construciton polisindeton
syndeton LIHAT POLYSYNDETON
syneresis sineresis
synesis sinesis
synesthesia sinestesia
synonym sinonim
synonymy kesinoniman; sinonimi
syntactic 1. sintaktis, 2. sintaktika
syntactic category kategori sintaktis
syntactic change perubahan sintak
syntactic component komponen
syntactic component komponen sintaksis
syntactic compound kompositum
syntactic compound kompositum sintaktis
syntactic construction konstruksi
syntactic construction konstruksi sintaktis
syntactic group LIHAT PHRASE
syntactic order urutan kata
syntactic pattern pola kalimat
syntagm(a) sintagma
syntagmatic sintagmatis
syntagmeme sintagmem
syntax sintaksis
synthesis sintesis
synthetic compound kompositum
synthetic index indeks sintetis
synthetic language bahasa sintetis
system sistem
systematic phonetic representation LIHAT PHONETICS .
systematic phonological representation fonologi
systematic transcription transkripsi
systemic grammar gramatika sistemika
systemic grammar gramatika sistemika
system-structure grammar SYSTEMIC GRAMMAR
system-structure grammar suprasegmental  
taboo tabu
tachygraphy takigrafi
tag question klausa pengukuh
tagma tagma
tagmeme tagmem
tagmemic analysis LIHAT TAGMEMICS
tagmemics tagmemik
talking bicara
tamber tamber
tambre LIHAT TAMBER
tap sentuhan
tape recorder mesin perekam
target language bahasa sasaran
tautology tautologi
tautophony tautofoni
taxeme taksem
taxonomic linguistics linguistik taksonomis
taxonomic phonemics fonemik tak
teaching machine mesin belajar
technical translation (pen)terjemahan faktual
teeth ridge alveolum
teinporal dialect dialek temporal
teknonymic teknonimi
telescoped word amalgam
tempo tempo
temporal clause klausa temporal
tense kala
tense tegang
tense vowel vokal tegang
tenues oklusif tak bersuara
term istilah
term of endearment hipokoristik
terminal juncture sendi
terminal stress tekanan akhir
terminal string untaian akhir
terminology peristilahan
territorial dialect dialek regional
tessitura tesitura
testing testing; ujian
thematic inflection infleksi tematis
theme tema
theme and rheme tema dan rema
theoretical linguistics linguistik
thesaurus tesaurus
third person persona ketiga
third person imperative imperatif
thought and language alam pikiran
thought and language alam pikiran dan bahasa
threshold of hearing batas pendengaran terendah
threshold of pain batas pendengaran tertinggi
tight phonation penyuaraan tegang
timbre tamber
tonality features penanda suara
tone ton
tone colour tamber
tone language bahasa ton
tone of voice LIHAT VOICE QUALITY
tonetics tonetika
tongue lidah
tonic tonis
topic and comment pokok dan
toponimic LIHAT TOPONYMY
toponomasiology LIHAT TOPONYMY
toponomastics LIHAT TOPONYMY
toponomatology LIHAT TOPONYMY
toponymy toponimi
total assimilation asimilasi menye
total dissimilation disimilasi menyeluruh
trachea tenggorokan
trade language bahasa pasar
traditional grammar tata bahasa
transcription transkripsi
transfer mengalihkan; pengalihan
transferred meaning makna kiasan
transform 1. bentuk turun. 2; mentransformasikan
transformation transformasi
transformation rule kaidah transformasi
transformational generative grammar tata bahasa transformasi generatif
transformational grammar tata bahasa transformasi
transformed sentence kalimat turunan
transition 1. sendi, 2. transisi
transition area wilayah peralihan,
transitive verb verba transitif
translation (pen)terjemahan; alih
translation (pen)terjemahan; alih bahasa
translator penterjemah
transliteration transliterasi
transmutation LIHAT CONVERSION
transposition konversi; transposisi
tree silsilah
tree diagram diagram pohon; diagram silsilah
trema trema
triadic theory of meaning tecri se
trigraph trigraf
trill getaran
triphthong triftong
trisyllabic trisilabis
troche trokea
typological classification klasifikasi
typology tipologi
typology tipologi U
ultimate constituents konstituen
ultimate constituents konstituen akhir
ultimate stress tekanan akhir
umlaut LIHAT TREMA
unaspirated stop oklusif tak beraspirat
unchecked tak tertahan
unconditioned sound change perubahan bunyi sporadis
underlying structure struktur batin
understood tersirat
ungrammatical tak gramatika
unilateral consonant kosonan unilateral
unilingual LIHAT MONOLINGUAL
union language bahasa persatuan
unit satuan
universal semesta
universal grammar gramatika universal
universalism universalisme
unmarked biasa; tak bertanda
unproductive tak produktif
unproductive luruh  
unrestricted opposition  
unrounded tak bundar; hampar
unrounded vowel vokal tak bundar
unrounded vowel system  
unrounding delabialisasi
unversal semantics semantik unit
unversal semantics semantik unit versal
unvoiced tak bersuara
upward comparison perbandingan
Ural-Altaic linguistics Ural Altaika
Ural-Altaic linguistics  
urbanism urbanisme
usage pemakaian bahasa
usage label label pemakaian
utterance ujaran
uvula uvula
uvular uvular
valency valensi
valid sahih
value LIHAT VALENCY
value judgment penilaian subyektif
variable werd LIHAT WORD
variant varian
variety in language keanekaragaman bahasa
velar velar
velaric closure penyempitan velar
verb verba; kata kerja
verb cluster LIHAT VERBAL PHRASE
verb phrase LIHAT VERBAL PHRASE
verbal verbal
verbal adjective adyektif verbal
verbal aspect aspek verbal
verbal core inti verbal
verbal group LIHAT VERBAL PHRASF
verbal noun nomina verbal
verbal phrase frase verbal
verbal skill ketrampilan bahasa
verbalisation 1. verbalisasi, 2.peng
Vernacular 1. bahasa umuin, 2. bahasa daerah
Verner’s law hukum Verner
verse sanjak
vibrant vibran
vocabulary leksikon; perbendaharaan kata; kosa kata
vocal bands LIHAT VOCAL CQRDS
vocal cords pita suara
vocal fold LIHAT VOCAL CORDS
vocal tract saluran suara
vocal tract saluran suara
vocalic vokalis
vocalic alternation ablaut
vocalisation 1. vokalisasi, 2. penyuaraan
vocalised bersuara
vocative vokatif
vocoid vokoid
voice 1. suara, 2. diatesis
voice quality penanda suara
voiced bersuara
voiceless tak bersuara
voiceless vowel vokal tak bersuara
voicing LIHAT VOCALISATION
volume LIHAT LOUDNESS
vowel vokal
vowel cluster gugus vokal
vowel gradation LIHAT ABLAUT
vowel harmony keselarasan vokal
vowel mutation LIHAT UMLAUT
vowel quadrilateral peta vokal
vowel reduction pengurangan vokal
vowel shitt pergeseran vokal
vowel system sistem vokal
vowel triangle peta vokal
vulgar kasar
wave theory teori gelombang
weak declension deklinasi teratur
weak form bentuk lemah
weak verb verba teratur
well-formed purnabentuk
Wernicke’s area pusat Wernicke
whisper bisik
whispered vowel vokal tak bersuarz
whistle speech bahasa siul
whistling consonant sibilan
Whorfian hypothesis teori relativitas bahasa
wide diphtong diftong lebar
widened meaning perluasan makna
widening of meaning perluasan
wing brackets kurawal
word kata
word and paradigm mode model paradigma
word boundary batas kata
word class kelas kata
word count perhitungan frekuensi
word form bentuk kata
word formation pembentukan kata
word frequency perhitungan frekuensi kata
word list leksikon dasar
word order urutan kata
word paradigm model paradigma
word sign LIHAT LOGOGRAM
word-for-word translation (pen)terjemahan harfiah
writing aksara; tulisan
writing system sistem aksara; sistem. tulisan
written language ragam tulis
young grammarians Junggrammatiker
zero morfem zero; zero
zero anaphora anafora zero
zero morph morf zero
Zipf’s law hukum Zipf
zoo-semiotics zoosemiotika